As the looming danger of effects of climate change reach fever-pitch in Sub Sahara Africa, development oriented institutions are not lying idle. One such institution is Kabarole Research and Research Centre under the Climate Change Adaption program which focuses on teaching the youth to build energy saving stoves and henceforth become trainers and ambassadors for the efficient stove. To spur this drive, KRC initiated and facilitated a training session led by Patrick Bisere of Prime Energy & Environment Stoves (PEES), Kampala, and his former apprentice David Mukene of Kamuda Stoves, Kasese. Those are pioneers when it comes to modernizing stoves, which make life easier especially for women in the rural area. For the introduced stove does not only save energy in form of fuel, but also save some time. The women use the free time to attend to their other needs The story of the stove itself goes back to 2013, when KRC initiated the piloted the use of Lorena stoves in 2300 households and monitored the benefits its operators got. The results of the case study showed the success the Lorena had, not just for the families, who saved time and energy in cooking, but also for the environment, which had to provide lesser fuel than for the 3-stones stoves. In fact every Lorena stove saves 33 trees per year – think of the amount of trees that will be saved in total due to the ongoing program. Patrick Bisere of PEES is introducing the young trainers to the closed system of the stove and explains how it keeps the heat from evaporating. The cooking pan is sitting in the stove instead of standing on it as for the 3-stones cooking system. The displayed stove is a metallic one, which was used for training reasons, while the actual stove that is going to be implemented in the villages by the young students is called ‘Mud Liner Stove’. It consists of a grate, where the liner sits on and which allows the fuel to feed on air. The construction is covered in bricks made of sand and grass or with firestones. The advantage of the mentioned method lies in the availability of the materials. The stove is fueled with firewood, but can also be used with chalk coal by putting a gutter in the liner. As chalk coal is often produced in the rural areas but sold to Kampala. Bisere advises his students to use the leftovers to heat the stove, as the little bits are just as burnable as the bigger bricks. Additionally to save heat Bisere recommends them to cover the pan as soon as the water is boiling. Then he would also add ash to the chalk coal, which keeps the heat constant at 100°C, while the operator can attend other tasks to his liking. The first day of the training ended with the students assembling sample stoves to get a grip on the building side. They were to use those new skills on the following day, when it comes to driving to the village and implementing a stove to a chosen household. students, trainers and representatives of KRC went to the village Mabura of Kabarole district to successfully install an energy saving stove Before the modernized stove covered in firestones and cement was set up there was some shoveling, cutting, mixing and compressing of local materials in order to show the students how to assemble an energy saving stove with what is at hand. They seemingly enjoyed themselves on the trip to the village household, where they were hosted with hospitality; offered free sugar cane and avocado to make the waiting times in between ‘sweet’. While strengthened the students could attend the cutting of some grass and preparing of the sand. Afterwards under the guidance of the trainer they mixed the dough for the stones that would cover the liner and make the stove. Whereas there were many hands around, to help building one stove for a particular household, in the future the students would go to travel to the villages by themselves to introduce the stove to the rural people. As the KRC plan is for them to become trainers and give their knowledge regarding saving energy when cooking to the next generation of students, who then become trainers and so on – a multiplying effect. The idea is to employ young people as a positive side effect of the Lorena stove campaign. The dough of the bricks has an obvious advantage: all the materials are easily gathered around a farm and reduce the cost of building the particular stove. To shorten the process Bisere drives over the mixture, because it needs to be compressed to form the right paste for ‘cooking’ bricks. Afterwards they are pressed into welled forms – again the device ‘Hands On’ applies to this method. Meanwhile the students are preparing nutritious beans for lunch(Right). It shall be cooked in one of Patrick’s carried metallic stoves. Using the same closed and heat keeping system as the Lorena, it demonstrates how quickly it gets the meal ready without too much attention from the operator. The advantage of the energy stove lies in its simplicity in terms of assemblage. Therefore the students were confident to build the next stove without guidance and furthermore also teach the rural people how to build a stove of their own. And the benefits of it were not only appreciated by the new owners of the stove – on the exhibition of the World Food Day, 16th of October in Fort Portal, it was this simple, but efficient innovation what drove the president of Uganda to the KRC stall.

Title: Lorena Stove: the panacea to rural energy saving

Author: KRC

Category: KRC Newsletter

Publish Date: 2015-11-06

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